The dried rhizome and root of goldenseal comprise products touted for their antimicrobial properties, gastrointestinal effects, and widely utilized to manage the common cold or other respiratory tract symptoms. Goldenseal products are among the most commonly used dietary supplements in the U.S. and may be a clinically relevant precipitant of interactions with conventional medications.
Kratom is a member of the coffee family native to Southeast Asia. Dried kratom leaves are used to manufacture various products marketed as dietary supplements touted for their analgesic and stimulant effects. Naturally occurring alkaloids within kratom leaves in conjunction with biologically generated metabolites following human consumption likely drive physiologic effects and may mediate clinically ...
Oral cannabis products are widely used for recreational and therapeutic purposes under varying state-specific regulations. Marijuana products often are standardized in relation to psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or non-psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD) content. Both of these primary cannabinoid constituents have the potential to precipitate interactions with conventional medications.
Products made from the leaves of green tea are among the most widely consumed natural products worldwide. Claims including cardioprotection, chemoprevention, and weight loss drive green tea beverage and dietary supplement popularity. The increasing popularity of green tea products increases the likelihood of co-consumption with conventional medications resulting in potentially important green tea-drug interactions.